Submission Preparation Checklist
As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
- The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
- The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
- Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
- The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
- The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.
JACR publishes original articles in basic and clinical medicine. Articles can be classified as original articles, review articles, case reports and correspondence that keep the readers informed of current issues and innovative thinking. Articles are considered for publication with the condition that they have not been published or submitted for publication elsewhere. Manuscript must be written in English. Authors should follow the Guidelines for Authors.
As a basic requirement, all articles submitted to JACR must be original work, which has never been published previously and is submitted exclusively to JACR. The Editorial Board reserves the right to edit all articles in aspects of style, format, and clarity. Authors may be required to revise their manuscripts for reasons of any aspect. Manuscripts with excessive errors in any aspect may be returned to authors for retyping or may be rejected. All manuscripts will be subjected to peer and editorial review.
We accept four types of articles: (1) original articles: basic medical research, clinical research, or community research; (2) case report; (3) review article; and (4) correspondence.
All submitted papers containing animal experiments and/or involving human subjects should have obtained approval from an independent ethics committee. The copy of approval should be provided to editorial office as mentioned above.
This journal follows guidelines from Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) in facing all aspects of publication ethics and, in particular, how to handle cases of research and publication misconduct.
Structure and Language
Articles will be published in US English, following American spelling. Articles in English that are linguistically inadequate may be rejected. Articles must be submitted in the following structural order: title page and authorship, abstract, keywords, text, conflicts of interest, acknowledgments (if any), and references. Tables, figures, and legends are included in the text where they should be placed. The format should refer to the document template that can be downloaded from this website.
Title Page and Authorship
The title page should contain: title of the article (concise, no abbreviations, maximum 16 words); full names of authors (without academic title); author’s affiliation [name(s) of department(s) and institution(s)]; corresponding author’s name, mailing address, telephone and fax numbers, and e-mail address of the author responsible for correspondence about the manuscript (E-mail address of the coressponding author will be published along with the article); short running title [maximum 40 characters (letter and spaces)]; word counts [A word count for the text only (excluding abstract, acknowledgments, tables, figure legends, and references)]; number of figures and tables.
Authorship of articles should be limited to those who have contributed sufficiently to take public responsibility for the contents. This includes (a) conception and design, or analysis and interpretation of data, or both; (b) drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content; (c) final approval of the version to be published; (d) and agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.
Abstract and Keywords
The ABSTRACT should be prepared both in English and Indonesian with in unstructured or narrative abstract that explain the objectives, materials and methods, results, and conclusions of the study, minimum in 250 words and maximum in 300 words. For non-Indonesian authors, abstract in Indonesian will be translated by the editor. They should be concise and precise with enough information, highlighting the points and importance of the article. Keywords in English and Indonesian are limited to 5 words or short phrases that will allow proper and convenient indexing. For non-Indonesian authors, keywords in Bahasa Indonesia will be translated by the editor. Corresponding author’s name, mailing address, telephone and fax numbers, and e-mail address should be written after the keywords.
The text should be structured as INTRODUCTION, MATERIALS AND METHODS, RESULTS, DISCUSSION, and CONCLUSIONS. Footnotes are not advisable; their contents should rather be incorporated into the text. Use only standard abbreviations; use of nonstandard abbreviations can be confusing to readers. Avoid abbreviations in the title of the manuscript. The spelled-out abbreviation followed by the abbreviation in parenthesis should be used on first mention unless the abbreviation is a standard unit of measurement. If a sentence begins with a number, it should be spelled out. Cite in Harvard style.
All statistical methods used should be describe in detail in the methods section of the manuscript. Avoid relying solely on statistical hypothesis testing, such as P values, which fail to convey important information about effect size. Define statistical terms, abbreviations, and most symbols. Specify the computer software used.
Personal acknowledgments should be limited to appropriate professionals who contributed to the paper, including technical help and financial or material support, also general support by a department chair-person.
Tables and its title should be included in the text. Tables should be numbered in arabic numerals, captions should be brief, clearly indicating the purpose or content of each table. Provide a footnote to each table, identifying in alphabetical order all abbreviations used. Number tables consecutively in the order of their first citation in the text and supply a brief title for each. Do not use internal horizontal or vertical lines. Give each column a short or an abbreviated heading. Explain all nonstandard abbreviations and explanatory matters in footnotes, and for explanatory matters use the following symbols, in sequence: *, †, ‡, §, ||, ¶, **, ††, ‡‡, §§, ||||, ¶¶, etc. Identify statistical measures of variations, such as standard deviation and standard error of the mean. Be sure that each table is cited in the text. If you use data from another published or unpublished source, obtain permission and acknowledge that source fully.
Figures should be either professionally drawn or photographed, and in a format (JPEG or TIFF) in the following resolutions [gray-scale or color in RGB (red, green, blue mode) at least 300 dpi (dots per inch)]. For x-ray films, scans, and other diagnostic images, as well as pictures of pathology specimens or photomicrographs, send sharp, glossy, black-and-white or color photographic prints, usually 127 x 173 mm (5 x 7 inches). Write the word “top” on the back of each figure at the appropriate place. Figures should be made as self-explanatory as possible, titles and detailed explanations belong in the legends-not on the figures themselves. Photomicrographs should have internal scale markers. Symbols, arrows, or letters used in the figures should contrast with the background and attached and grouped appropriately to the figures so as to prevent disorganization during figures editing. Photographs of potentially identifiable people must be accompanied by written permission to use the photograph.
Figures should be numbered consecutively according to the order in which they have been cited in the text. If a figure has been published previously, acknowledge the original source and submit written permission from the copyright holder to reproduce the figure. Permission is required irrespective of authorship or publisher except for documents in the public domain. Color figures are allowed, as they will appear in electronic edition of the journal. Since the journal is also printed in black-and-white edition, figures in color should be adjusted in such a way that its printed form in black-and-white will remain be sharp, clear, and lead to no confusion or unclarity. Diagrams and their legends should be in black-and-white to ascertain clarity. If the original size of the figures is too large, the size should be adjusted in order to allow electronic submission of the manuscript.
Legends for Figures
Legends for figures are written with Arabic numerals corresponding to the figures. When symbols, arrows, numbers, or letters are used to identify parts of the illustrations, identify and explain each one clearly in the legend. Explain the internal scale and identify the method of staining in photomicrographs.
Units of Measurement
For measurements use S.I. (System International) units. Measurements should be abbreviated (e.g. mm, kcal, etc.) in accordance to the Style Manual for Biological Sciences and using the metric system. Measurements of length, height, weight, and volume should be reported in appropriate scientific units. Temperatures should be in degrees Celsius. Blood pressures should be in millimeters of mercury (mmHg). Drug concentrations may be reported in either SI or mass units, but the alternative should be provided in parentheses where appropriate.
References is advisibly not to exceed 25 in number but not less than 10, and should in general be limited to the last decade. Avoid using abstracts as references. Information from manuscripts submitted but not yet accepted should be cited in the text as “unpublished observations” with written permission from the source. Papers accepted but not yet published may be included as references; designate the journal and add “Forthcoming”. Avoid citing “personal communication” unless it provides essential information not available publically, name the person and date of communication, obtain written permission and confirmation of accuracy from the source of a personal communication. Authors is recommended to use reference management software, in writing the citations and references such as: Mendeley®, Zotero®, EndNote®, and Reference Manager®.
Here are some examples of the references:
1. Standard journal article
Up to three authors, list all the authors.
- Halpern SD, Ubel PA, Caplan AL (2002). Solid-organ transplantation in HIV-infected patients. N Engl J Med 347, 284-287
More than three authors, list the first three authors, followed by et al.
- Rose ME, Huerbin MB, Melick J, et al (2002). Regulation of interstitial excitatory amino acid concentrations after cortical contusion injury. Brain Res 935, 40-46
2. Chapter in a book
Meltzer PS, Kallioniemi A, Trent JM (2002). Chromosome alterations in human solid tumors. In: Vogelstein B, Kinzler KW (eds). The genetic basis of human cancer, New York, McGraw-Hill, p 93-113
3. Homepage/Web site
Cancer-Pain.org (2002). New York: Association of Cancer Online Resources, Inc.; c2000-01. [updated 2002 May 16]. Available from http://www.cancer-pain.org/. Accessed July 9, 2002